Indian Constitution is a set of Fundamental principles. The objective of the constitution is to evolve a certain type of political culture that is based on the values enshrined in the constitution and guided by the institution established under the Constitution.
There are various sources of our Constitution. Some features are from our own country & some are borrowed from foreign Constitution. They are
- Government of India Act, 1935 prepared a basic ‘blue print’ with the features of Federal systems, Office of Governor etc.
- British Constitution – Post system, Parliament, Law making Procedure, Single citizenship, Bicameralism ( Lokasabha & Rajyasabha), Office of CAG (Comptroller & Auditor General)
- US Constitution – Written Constitution, Preamble, Post of vice president, Fundamental Rights, Independence of Judiciary & power of judicial review.
- Irish Constitution – Methods of Election of President, Nomination of Members of Rajya sabha by the President,
- Canadian Constitution – Appointment of state Governors by center, Advisory jurisdiction of Supreme Court & A federal system with a strong Central Government.
- Russian Constitution – Fundamental Duties & Five years planning.
- Australian Constitution – Languages of the Preamble, Joint sitting in the Parliament & Provision regarding Trade, Commerce & Intercourse.
- Constitution of Germany – Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the emergency.
- South African Constitution – Procedure of Constitutional Amendment.
- Constitution Of France – Republican of Liberty, Equality & Fraternity.
- Japanese Constitution – Procedure established by law.